The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 are a family of regional airliners manufactured by Bombardier, and based on the Canadair Challenger business jet.
|CRJ100 / CRJ200|
|An Air Wisconsin (d/b/a US Airways Express) CRJ200 landing at Portland International Jetport.|
|Role||Regional jet/Business jet|
|First flight||10 May 1991|
|Status||Out of production, active service|
|Primary users||SkyWest Airlines
|Number built||1,021 as of July 31, 2010|
|Unit cost||US$24-39.7 million (2006)|
|Developed from||Bombardier Challenger 600|
The aircraft was based on the Canadair Challenger design, which was purchased by Canadair from Bill Lear in 1976.
The wide fuselage of the Challenger which seats 2 passengers on each side of the aisle suggested early on to Canadair officials that it would be straightforward to stretch the aircraft to accomomodate more seats, and there was a plan for a Challenger 610E, which would have had seating for 24 passengers. That lengthening did not occur, the effort being canceled in 1981, but the idea did not disappear.
In 1987, studies began for a much more ambitious stretched configuration, leading to the formal launch of the Canadair Regional Jet program in the spring of 1989. The "Canadair" name was retained despite the fact that Bombardier had bought out the company. The first of three development machines for the initial CRJ100 performed its first flight on 10 May 1991, though one of the prototypes was lost in a spin mishap in July 1993. The type obtained certification in late 1992, with initial delivery to customers late in that year.
As of August 2006 a total of 938 CRJ100 and CRJ200 aircraft (all variants) are in airline service, with 8 further firm orders. Major operators include Air Nostrum (35, Plus 7 orders), Air Wisconsin (70), Atlantic Southeast Airlines (110), Comair (40), Jazz Aviation (43), Lufthansa CityLine (26), Mesa Airlines (60), Mesaba Airlines (19), Pinnacle Airlines (145), PSA Airlines (35), Republic Airways Holdings (20), and SkyWest Airlines (159). Some 20 other airlines also operate smaller fleets of the type.
The CL-600 design was stretched 5.92 meters (19 feet 5 inches) to create the CRJ100, with fuselage plugs fore and aft of the wing, two more emergency exit doors, plus a reinforced and modified wing. Typical seating was 50 passengers, the maximum load being 52 passengers. The CRJ100 featured a Collins ProLine 4 avionics suite, Collins weather radar, GE CF34-3A1 turbofans with 41.0 kN (4,180 kgp / 9,220 lbf), new wings with extended span, more fuel capacity, and improved landing gear to handle the higher weights. It was followed by the CRJ100 ER subvariant with 20% more range, and the CRJ100 LR subvariant with 40% more range than the standard CRJ100. The CRJ 100 SE sub-variant was produced to more closely meet the needs of corporate and executive operators.
The CRJ200 is identical to the 100 model except for more efficient engines.
Pinnacle Airlines had operated some with 44 seats, designated as CRJ440, with closets in the forward areas of the passenger cabin though these were converted to 50 seat airplanes. These modifications were designed to allow operations under their major airline contract "scope clause" which restricts major airlines' connection carriers from operating equipment carrying 50 or more passengers to guard against usurpation of Air Line Pilots Association and Allied Pilots Association pilots' union contract. Similarly, Comair's fleet of 40-seat CRJ200s were sold at a discounted price to discourage Comair from purchasing the less expensive and smaller Embraer 135.
There is also a CRJ200 freighter version which is designated CRJ200 PF (Package Freighter) which was developed in cooperation with Cascade Aerospace on the request of West Air Sweden.
Several models of the CRJ have been produced, ranging in capacity from 40 to 50 passengers. The Regional Jet designations are marketing names and the official designation is CL-600-2B19.
|Variant||CRJ100 ER/LR||CRJ200 ER/LR|
|Crew||3-4 (2 pilots + 1-2 cabin crew)|
|26.77 m (87 ft 10 in)
21.21 m (69 ft 7 in)
6.22 m (20 ft 5 in)
|Wing area (net)
Fuselage maximum diameter
|48.35 m2 (520.4 sq ft)
2.69 m (8 ft 10 in)
22.86 m (75 ft 0 in)
Takeoff thrust (2x)
Thrust APR (2x)
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
|Max Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW)||19,958 kg (44,000 lb)|
|Max payload weight||6,124 kg (13,500 lb)|
|Max Take Off Weight (MTOW)||24,041 kg (53,000 lb)|
|Maximum range||ER: 3,000 km (1,864 mi, 1,620 nmi)
LR: 3,710 km (2,305 mi, 2,003 nmi)
|ER: 3,045 km (1,895 mi, 1,644 nmi)
LR: 3,713 km (2,307 mi, 2,004 nmi)
|Basic cruising speed||Mach .78 [503 mph, 437 knots] (593.74 mph ground, 516 knots ground)|
|Flight ceiling||12,496 m (41,000 ft)|
|Number of Orders||1054|
|Certification Date||unknown||July 1992|