The Antonov An-38 is a stretched and upgraded version of Antonov's earlier An-28. It is a twin-engined prop transport aircraft designed by Antonov Design Bureau in Kiev, Ukraine. It is intended to replace older aircraft in a similar size range. Production takes place in Novosibirsk, Russia, but some crucial parts also made in Ukraine and Belarus. It first flew in 1994, and received international flight certification in April 2000. A total of 11 have been built and 6 remain in airline service at August 2006.
|Antonov An-38-100 of Vostok Aviation Company|
|Manufacturer||Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association|
|First flight||23 June 1994|
|Primary users||Hangard Aviation
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise
|Number built||11 (6 operational)|
|Developed from||Antonov An-28|
Impetus for a stretched An-28 design began with a 1989 sales tour in India, where it became clear that a significant market existed for a plane similar to the An-28 but with seating in the 25–30 seat range. The design was approved a year later, and was displayed at the 1991 Paris Air Show as a model.
The An-38 is of a similar design to the older An-28, featuring the same wings and tail, but it has a longer fuselage and includes several enhancements, such as higher fuel efficiency, increased comfort (cabin and cockpit), and decreased internal noise coupled with better sound insulation. Other improvements include an increase in passengers to 27 thanks to increase in maximum payload to 2,500 kg (5,500 lbs), as well as a maximum speed of 405 km/h (250 mph). Parts of its design also allow it better operation in adverse conditions, such as a weather radar, sophisticated navigational systems, and low pressure tires that allow it to operate from more primitive airfields, such as unpaved iced and snowy ones. Furthermore, the aircraft is able to not stall at high angles of attack and is stable and maneuverable with ice on the wing and tail assembly.
In August 2006 a total of 6 Antonov An-38 aircraft remain in airline service with Hangard Aviation (2), Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise (2) and Vostok Airlines (2).