The Aviation Portal

The Birth of a Legend: The Ilyushin Design Bureau

Before delving into the specifics of the Il-62, it's important to understand the context in which it was developed. The Ilyushin Design Bureau, founded by Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin, played a significant role in Soviet aviation history. With a focus on military and commercial aircraft, Ilyushin Design Bureau had already gained recognition for its successful designs, including the Il-2 Sturmovik during World War II.

Technical Specifications and Performance

The Ilyushin Il-62, the first long-range Soviet jetliner, made its maiden flight in January 1963. Let's take a closer look at its technical specifications:

Engines and Power

The Il-62 was equipped with four powerful turbojet engines, each providing around 11,000 pounds of thrust. This remarkable engine configuration allowed the Il-62 to achieve a maximum cruising speed of 900 kilometers per hour (560 miles per hour) and a range of approximately 10,000 kilometers (6,200 miles).

Cabin Layout and Passenger Comfort

The cabin layout of the Il-62 was designed to prioritize passenger comfort. The aircraft could accommodate up to 186 passengers in a spacious and well-appointed cabin. With a height of 2.75 meters (9 feet) and a width of 3.4 meters (11.2 feet), the cabin offered ample headroom and legroom, ensuring a comfortable journey for passengers on long-haul flights.

Innovations and Impact on the Aviation Industry

The Il-62 introduced several groundbreaking features that revolutionized the aviation industry. Let's explore some of its notable innovations:

Advanced Aerodynamics

The Il-62 incorporated advanced aerodynamic principles, including a swept wing design, which reduced drag and increased fuel efficiency. This innovative approach to aircraft design set new standards for efficiency and paved the way for future developments in aviation technology.

Improved Passenger Experience

Prioritizing passenger needs, the Il-62 offered a quiet and comfortable cabin environment, minimizing noise and vibration. Passengers could enjoy a smooth and pleasant journey, making the Il-62 a preferred choice for long-range flights.

Legacy and Historical Significance

The Ilyushin Il-62 left an indelible mark on the aviation industry and the history of Soviet aviation. Its successful operation by both Soviet and international airlines showcased the technological prowess of the Soviet Union. The Il-62 played a crucial role in expanding air travel, connecting distant destinations, and fostering international cooperation.

In Conclusion

The Ilyushin Il-62 is a testament to the ingenuity and engineering prowess of the Soviet Union. Its advanced design, technical specifications, and passenger-focused features made it a true trailblazer in the world of aviation. Despite being retired from commercial service, the Il-62 will always be remembered as an iconic and influential jetliner that contributed to the development of long-range air travel.




General characteristics

  • Crew: 5; 3 to 5 (a captain, a first officer, and a flight engineer, plus optionally a navigator and a radio officer on long overwater and/or VIP services to operator specification) plus a four to eight-person cabin crew to operator specifications
  • Capacity: 168–186 passengers
  • Length: 53.12 m (174 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 43.20 m (141 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 12.35 m (40 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 279.55 m2 (3,009.1 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 71,600 kg (157,851 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 165,000 kg (363,763 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 105,300 L (27,800 US gal; 23,200 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Soloviev D-30KU turbofan engines, 107.9 kN (24,300 lbf) thrust each


  • Cruise speed: 900 km/h (560 mph, 490 kn)
  • Range: 10,000 km (6,200 mi, 5,400 nmi) with 10,000 kg (22,046 lb) payload
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,000 ft) maximum cruising height
  • Rate of climb: 18 m/s (3,500 ft/min)


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