The Aviation Portal

The Genesis of the Xian Y-7

The Xian Y-7, developed by the Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation, is a remarkable product of China's aviation revolution. This aircraft emerged as a direct successor to the Soviet-designed Antonov An-24, combining its predecessor's robustness with modern advancements.

Originally conceptualized in the late 1970s, the Xian Y-7 laid the foundation for China's entry into the regional airliner market. With its maiden flight in 1984, this aircraft marked a significant milestone in the Chinese aviation industry, showcasing the nation's engineering prowess and technological progress.

Design and Performance Features

The Xian Y-7 boasts a unique design that optimizes efficiency, comfort, and reliability. Equipped with two turboprop engines, it exhibits exceptional performance capabilities. Here are some key features that make the Xian Y-7 a true marvel:
1. Spacious Cabin

The Xian Y-7's cabin is designed to prioritize passenger comfort. With ample legroom and generous seating arrangements, passengers can relax and enjoy their flight experience. This spaciousness, combined with large windows, offers a pleasant and airy ambiance throughout the journey.
2. Impressive Payload Capacity

Thanks to its sturdy construction, the Xian Y-7 can accommodate a significant payload without compromising on safety or performance. This aircraft can effortlessly transport passengers, cargo, or a combination of both, making it a versatile choice for various applications.
3. Enhanced Safety Measures

The Xian Y-7 incorporates advanced safety features, ensuring a secure travel experience. From robust landing gear to cutting-edge avionics systems, this aircraft prioritizes passenger safety and operational reliability, meeting stringent international standards.
4. Outstanding Short Takeoff and Landing (STOL) Performance

With its exceptional STOL capabilities, the Xian Y-7 can operate from airports with limited runway lengths. This makes it suitable for serving remote areas and challenging terrains, enabling improved access to previously inaccessible locations.
Significance and Impact

The Xian Y-7 has played a pivotal role in shaping China's aviation landscape. Its introduction marked a significant step forward in the country's efforts to develop a self-sufficient aviation industry, reducing reliance on foreign manufacturers.

Furthermore, the Xian Y-7 has served as a reliable workhorse, facilitating regional connectivity and boosting economic development. Its versatility and adaptability have made it popular not only in China but also in other countries around the world.

In conclusion, the Xian Y-7 stands as a testament to China's advancements in aviation technology. Its robust design, exceptional performance, and significant contributions to regional connectivity have solidified its place in the annals of Chinese aviation history. As we look to the future, the Xian Y-7 will continue to soar the skies, carrying the aspirations of a nation striving for excellence.



General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Capacity: 52 pax
  • Length: 24.218 m (79 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.666 m (97 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 8,553 m (28,061 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 75.26 m2 (810.1 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 11.69
  • Airfoil: root: TsAGI S-5-18; tip: TsAGI S-3-13
  • Empty weight: 14,988 kg (33,043 lb) operating weight empty
  • Max zero-fuel weight: 19,655 kg (43,332 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 21,800 kg (48,061 lb)
  • Max landing weight: 21,800 kg (48,061 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Dongan WJ-5A turboprop engines, 1,800 kW (2,400 shp) each equivalent
  • Propellers: 4-bladed constant-speed feathering propellers, 3.9 m (12 ft 10 in) diameter


  • Maximum speed: 503 km/h (313 mph, 272 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 423 km/h (263 mph, 228 kn) at 6,000 m (19,685 ft)
  • Range: 910 km (570 mi, 490 nmi) maximum payload
1,982 km (1,232 mi; 1,070 nmi) with max fuel
  • Service ceiling: 8,750 m (28,710 ft)
  • Take-off run: 640 m (2,100 ft) at MTOW
  • Landing run: 645 m (2,116 ft) at MLW


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