The Aviation Portal

The Antonov An-12 is a Soviet turboprop transport aircraft that was designed for military and civilian use. It was the military version of the Antonov An-10 passenger aircraft. It first flew in 1957 and entered service in 1959. It was the main medium-lift cargo and paratroop transport of the Soviet Air Force and its allies during the Cold War. It had a NATO reporting name of Cub.

The Antonov An-12 had four Ivchenko AI-20M engines that gave it a maximum speed of 777 km/h and a range of 3,600 km. It had a crew of five to six and could carry up to 20 tons of cargo or 90 paratroopers. It had a wingspan of 38 m, a length of 33.1 m and a height of 10.53 m.

Some variants of the Antonov An-12 were:

An-12A: A modified version with increased payload and fuel capacity.
An-12B: A version with improved avionics and navigation equipment.
An-12BK: A version with reinforced landing gear and fuselage for rough field operations.
An-12BP: A version with a dorsal gun turret and defensive armament.
An-12PP: A version for electronic warfare and jamming.


General characteristics

  • Crew: 5 (two pilots, flight engineer, navigator, radio operator)
  • Capacity: 20,000 kg (44,092 lb) payload / 60 paratroopers / 2x BMD-1 armoured vehicles
  • Length: 33.1 m (108 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 38 m (124 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 10.53 m (34 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 121.7 m2 (1,310 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 28,000 kg (61,729 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 61,000 kg (134,482 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Ivchenko AI-20L or AI-20M turboprop engines, 3,000 kW (4,000 shp) each equivalent
  • Propellers: 4-bladed constant-speed reversible-pitch propellers


  • Maximum speed: 660 km/h (410 mph, 360 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 570 km/h (350 mph, 310 kn)
  • Range: 5,700 km (3,500 mi, 3,100 nmi) with maximum fuel
3,600 km (2,200 mi; 1,900 nmi) with maximum payload
  • Service ceiling: 10,200 m (33,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.2 m/s (2,010 ft/min)


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