The Xian MA60 (新舟60, Xīnzhōu 60, "Modern Ark 60") is a turboprop-powered airliner made by China's Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation under the China Aviation Industry Corporation I (AVIC I). The MA60 is a stretched version of the Xian Y7-200A, which was produced based on the An-24 to operate in rugged conditions with limited ground support and has short take-off and landing (STOL) capability.
The airplane received its type certificate from the Civil Aviation Administration of China in June 2000. The first aircraft was delivered to Sichuan Airlines in August 2000. The MA60 has not been type certified by the US Federal Aviation Administration. No other Western Government has issued it with a safety certificate. The general designer of MA-60 series is Mr. Lü Hai (吕海).
The Genesis of the Xian Y-7
The Xian Y-7, developed by the Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation, is a remarkable product of China's aviation revolution. This aircraft emerged as a direct successor to the Soviet-designed Antonov An-24, combining its predecessor's robustness with modern advancements.
Originally conceptualized in the late 1970s, the Xian Y-7 laid the foundation for China's entry into the regional airliner market. With its maiden flight in 1984, this aircraft marked a significant milestone in the Chinese aviation industry, showcasing the nation's engineering prowess and technological progress.
The Yakovlev Yak-42 (NATO reporting name: "Clobber") is a 100/120-seat three-engined mid-range passenger jet. It was designed as a replacement for several obsolete Aeroflot jets as a mid-range passenger jet. It was also the first airliner produced in the Soviet Union to be powered by modern high-bypass turbofan engines.